UNS Conference Portal, The 1st International Conference on Science, Mathematics, Environment and Education 2017

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The Effect of Cationic Surfactants Concentration on The Intercalation of Montmorillonite
sri hilma siregar

Last modified: 2017-06-23


The research was focused on the modification of natural montmorillonite by using cationic surfactant cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The natural bentonite was washed with distilled water to clean the impurites of nature bentonite in order to get the montmorillonite fraction. A variation of the amount of CTAB which is used for the preparation of organo-montmorillonite is 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; 2.0; 2.5 CEC of montmorillonite. The organically intercalated montmorillonite composites were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area techniques and SEM-EDX-Maping methods. The effect of addition of CTAB on the basal spacing of montmorillonite was observed with XRD, indicating an increase in basal spacing (d001) of montmorillonite 14.671 (2Ө = 6.02) to 19.153 Å (4.61°). The main bands of  untreated montmorillonite  at 3626 attributed to stretching vibration of structural hydroxyl groups      (–OH) and 1041 cm−1 assigned to Si–O stretching vibration. The spesific  bands of  organo montmorillonite  which appeared at 2924  and 2854 cm−1 are corresponding to stretching asymmetric vibration ʋas(CH2) and stretching  symmetric ʋs(CH2), respectively. The C–H stretch of CTA structure in-plane binding was noticed at 1473 cm−1. The bands at 516 and 516 cm−1 were assigned to the Al–O–Si (octahedral layer) bend for untreated and organo-montmorillonite, respectively. The BET specific surface area reduced with increasing surfactant concentrations.
Keywords: Montmorillonite, Surfactant cationic, Organo-montmorillonite